Atlantic City is located on
the coast of New Jersey, a mid-Atlantic state in the northeastern
portion of the U.S. The city lies along the Atlantic Ocean on New
Jersey's Absecon Island. Atlantic City has a long and colorful
history, and has been a popular tourist destination since the late
Before the Europeans arrived, Absecon Island was occupied by the
Lenni-Lenape Indians. In the early 1850s the railroad was brought to
the area opening the way for many people to travel to this
destination to visit "the shore." Atlantic City was incorporated on
May 1, 1854. One of the people responsible for building the railroad
was Richard Osborne who was a civil engineer from Philadelphia. He
is also the man who is credited with giving Atlantic City its name.
Osborne's friend and partner, Dr. Johnathan Pitney, who lived in
Absecon, chose the placement and names of the streets. Streets
running parallel to the ocean are named after oceans and the
east/west running streets are named after states in the U.S. As
Atlantic City began to become more and more popular, rooming houses
and hotels began springing up all over to accommodate the influx of
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The problem of sand continually being tracked into the hotels,
restaurants, stores and onto the railroad cars was solved by a
conductor of the Atlantic City-Camden Railroad by the name of
Alexander Boardman, along with a hotel owner by the name of Jacob
Keim. They came up with the idea of a wooden walkway and presented
their idea to City Council in 1870. The Boardwalk was then built to
be eight feet wide and about one mile long, leading from the beach
into the town. It was built into sections so that the pieces could
be removed and stored at the end of every summer, and after about 10
years, a larger Boardwalk was built. Today, the Boardwalk is
permanent. It's 60 feet wide and six miles long. The planks are laid
on concrete and steel in a herringbone pattern, and on the beach
side of the Boardwalk there are steel railings to keep people from
falling off into the sand.
In 1976, the Casino Gambling Referendum was passed paving the way
for legalized gambling in Atlantic City. In 1978, the first casino,
called Resorts Casino Hotel, was opened. As of 2013, there are 11
gambling casinos in Atlantic City where you can play poker, slots,
roulette, blackjack, keno, craps, baccarat and more.
Atlantic City has grown, developed and flourished, and for many
years it has been a favorite place to go to relax and/or to be
entertained. There have been, and still are, an abundance of indoor
and outdoor attractions and activities to enjoy both day and night.
Today, more than 30 million people from around the globe visit
Atlantic City every year.
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